среда, 25 июня 2014 г.

UNSCR 1325

 

Resolution 1235 - adopted by the UN Security Council on October 31, 2000

BASED ON THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENTS:
  • Women’s Convention (1949)
  • Additional protocols for conventions (1977)
  • The Convention for Refugees (1951) and its protocol (1967)
  • The Convention for the elimination of all forms of discrimination 1979 and its optional protocol (1999)
  • UN Convention on the rights of children (1989) and two optional protocols from May 25, 2000
  • Relevant provisions of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
  • Previous resolutions of the UN Security Council
  • The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action
  • Final document from the 23rd Special Session of the UN General Assembly “Women in the year 2000: equality between men and women, development and peace in the 21st century”
 THE RESOLUTION REQUIRES
GOVERNMENTS: 
To include women in all levels of decision making concerning war and peace – national, regional, and international
UN GENERAL SECRETARY:
To incorporate general perspective in peacekeeping operations
Promote women as envoys и special representatives, the heads of missions, military observers, police and humanitarian personnel
THE MISSION OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL:
To take into account the gender issues and women’s rights
To hold consultations with women’s groups – with the goal of better understanding their needs and requirements. 
  
THE RESOLUTION TELLS GOVERNMENTS:
YOU MUST PROVIDE PROTECTION FOR WOMEN
During conflicts: women should not become targets or hostages
It is necessary to carry out a court investigation of those who are guilty of rape
During the process of regulating conflicts, the special requirements of women and girls should be taken into account during all stages
The interests of women must be incorporated into all peacekeeping operations
Peacekeeping personnel must be alert and well prepared, attentive and responsive
Governments must observe all international rights standards, adopted for the rights and protection of women and children.
YOU ARE OBLIGATED TO SUPPORT THE ACTIVE ROLE OF WOMEN
It is necessary to strengthen the participation of women in all levels of decision making in prevention and regulation of conflicts and in peace building
Incorporate women in all aspects of peace keeping
Support local peace initiatives, promote women
Incorporate women in activities of all structures related to the realization of peace agreements.
The Resolution Demands:

That gender issues are taken into account during the creation of peace agreements
That the special needs of women and girls are taken into account during post-conflict reconstruction: repatriation and settlement, rehabilitation, reintegration – all efforts to restore a peaceful existence
Support for local peace initiatives from women. It is necessary to include women in the implementation work of those initiatives.
That the protection of the rights of women and girls is included in peace agreements.
The Resolution Calls on ALL PARTIES TO ARMED CONFLICT:
to adhere to all international law applicable to the rights and protection of women and girls
take special measures for the protection of women and girls from sexual abuse, and all types of rape
to respect the civilian and humanitarian character of refugee camps and settlements, and to take into account the particular needs of women and girls
THE RESOLUTION DEMANDS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF ALL GOVERNMENTS!
 Governments are responsible to bring those guilty of crimes against women to justice through a court of law. 



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